7 Prevention of Cervical Cancer that Must Be Known

7 Prevention of Cervical Cancer that Must Be Known - Cervical cancer is the most deadly disease that attacks many women in Indonesia. Reporting from the official page of the Indonesian Ministry of Health, there are at least 15,000 cases of cervical cancer recorded in Indonesia each year. Even though it's scary, basically we can prevent cervical cancer. How to prevent cervical cancer properly? Check out the following review!

Know Cervical Cancer
Before knowing the prevention of cervical cancer, you should first identify what is cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is cancer that appears on the cervix which is part of the female reproductive system. The cervix or cervix is between the vagina and the uterus.

This cancer is triggered by human papillomavirus (HPV). Although not all women with HPV can develop cervical cancer, if you have HPV, you have a high risk of cervical cancer. HPV itself can be transmitted through sexual contact.

Ways to Prevent Cervical Cancer
Cancer that is detected early will be easier to overcome, but even better if cancer can be prevented from the start. Cervical cancer can attack every woman, so knowledge about cervical cancer prevention should also be known by every woman.

Here are some steps to prevent cervical cancer that can be done:

1. Routine pap smear examination

Routine pap smears can be one way to prevent cervical cancer.

Pap smear is an examination carried out to take samples of cervical cells to determine whether there are cells that have the potential to develop into cancer. Cells that have the potential to develop into cancer are certainly not going to develop into cancer, but it is better if removed from the beginning.

Pap smear examination should be done routinely every 3 years by women aged 21 years or who have been sexually active until later in the age of 65 years.

2. Routine HPV examination

In addition to pap smear examination, HPV testing is also an important test to be performed as a prevention of cervical cancer.

As previously mentioned, cervical cancer develops from HPV. HPV testing can be done alone or can be combined with a pap smear. Women over the age of 30 years are advised to carry out HPV or HPV tests with pap smears every 5 years.

3. Get the cervical cancer vaccine

The trigger for cervical cancer is HPV, so the vaccine used to prevent cervical cancer is the HPV vaccine.

HPV consists of more than 100 types, but the most common cause of cervical cancer are two types namely types 16 and 18. This vaccine is usually given before a person is sexually active. Ages 9-13 years are the most recommended because vaccines are considered more effective at working in a good immune system at that age.

If you get a vaccine too late, women can still get this vaccine until they are 26 years old. But if you are already sexually active, women must first do a pap smear before getting the vaccine.

The HPV vaccine is not only for women but also for men. HPV vaccine in men serves as a prevention of genital warts, penile cancer, anal cancer, and prevention of HPV transmission to partners.

4. Avoid risky sexual relations

Prevention of cervical cancer that can be done next is to avoid risky sexual relations.

HPV can be transmitted through sex, this risk will certainly be higher if you do not use condoms or if changing partners. HPV can be transmitted from a variety of sexual contacts, including skin contact between genitals, oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, to the use of sex toys.

5. Avoid cigarettes

If you do not want to get cervical cancer, smoking is one that you should avoid because smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for cervical cancer.

Women who smoke and inhale cigarette smoke have an increased risk of cervical cancer among women infected with HPV. The risk increases in women who smoke more with a longer period.

6. Maintain eating patterns

Foods with balanced nutrition can be cervical cancer prevention foods.

In addition to eating nutritious foods, do not forget to avoid various foods that can trigger cancer.

Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables will be good for your overall health and can be a way to prevent cervical cancer naturally. While the types of foods that should be avoided or limited consumption because they can trigger cancer are foods like high-fat trans, processed foods, and drinks that contain preservatives, alcohol, and many more.

7. Maintain ideal body weight

Maintaining ideal body weight can also be a preventive measure for cervical cancer.

Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of many chronic diseases, including cervical cancer. while below ideal body weight can also reduce the immune system which makes the body also more susceptible to disease.

Maintaining ideal body weight can be done by maintaining a balanced intake of nutrition and regular exercise.

That's the various ways to prevent cervical cancer that can be applied by every woman. Cervical cancer can affect anyone, so every woman must be aware of this disease. Applying a healthy lifestyle will greatly help prevent cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer often causes no symptoms at an early stage and is only detected after entering an advanced stage. Do not forget to regularly check yourself so that cancer can be detected early and get treatment faster.

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